Summertime comes with increased temperatures and more time outdoors. Hot and humid weather can make it more challenging for your body to cool down. If your body is unable to cool down, heat-related illnesses can occur, which, if left untreated, can become life-threatening. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says there are common signs of heat illness to monitor for, including the following:
Heat cramps are often the first sign of heat illness. Symptoms can include painful muscle cramps, spasms in the legs and abdomen and heavy sweating. If you’re experiencing heat cramps, you should apply firm pressure on the cramping area and sip water. If nausea or prolonged symptoms last for more than an hour, seek medical attention immediately.
Heat exhaustion is also a common sign of heat illness. Symptoms can include heavy sweating, fatigue, clammy or pale skin, fast or weak pulse, muscle cramps, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, headache or fainting. If you or someone you know may be experiencing heat exhaustion, it’s crucial to move to a cooler environment, loosen clothing and apply cool, wet cloths. Seek medical attention immediately if vomiting or symptoms worsen or last longer than one hour.
Heatstroke is the most dangerous sign of heat-related illness. Symptoms may include headaches, confusion, nausea, dizziness, body temperature above 103 F, hot or red, damp skin, fainting or loss of consciousness. Do not consume fluids. Heatstroke is a severe medical emergency; therefore, if you or someone else may be in danger of such, call 911 or find transportation to a hospital immediately.
For more information on summer heat illness and prevention, contact us today.